Lecture by Jay Winter: “The Day the Great War ended: 24 July 1923”
Renowned historian and author Professor Jay Winter, a leading expert on the First World War, will show how the last of the Treaties ending the hostilities encompassing the Great War, signed at Lausanne on 23 July 1923, marked a turning point in the nature of war. He will show how ending war in 1923 contained within it the seeds of the conflict to come 16 years later.
The Treaty of Lausanne replaced the Treaty of Sèvres signed on 10 August 1920, and established the current borders of the Republic of Turkey. It also incorporated an agreement for what euphemistically was termed the exchange of populations, constituting the forced deportation of 500,000 Muslim in habitants of Greece to Turkey and approximately 1 million Greek Orthodox Turks to Greece. While in the past wars ended with an exchange of military prisoners, the Treaty of Lausanne ended hostilities through a compulsory exchange of civilians. What we now term the civilianization of war was a product of this treaty. It marked the entry of ethnic cleansing into international law, a few short months before the Beer Hall putsch in Munich announced another challenge to the peace settlement of 1919.
Jay Winter is Charles J. Stille Professor of History emeritus at Yale University. He is an historian of the First World War, and the author of Sites of memory, sites of mourning: The Great War in European cultural history, published in 1995, editor of America and the Armenian Genocide (2008), and editor-in-chief of the three-volume Cambridge history of the First World War, published in 2014 in English, French, and next year, in Chinese. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Graz, the Katholic University of Leuven, and the University of Paris – VIII. In 2017 he received the Victor Adler Prize of the Austrian government for a lifetime of work in history.
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