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© House of European History, Belgium

Poster explaining the Dreyfus Affair at the ‘History of a traitor’ - France, 1899

In 1894, a document was found offering to sell French military secrets to Germany. The crime could not go unpunished. A case was hastily built against Alfred Dreyfus, the only Jewish officer on the French Army’s General Staff. On the basis of forged documents, a ‘Secret Dossier’ and far-fetched ‘expert opinions’, Dreyfus was convicted of treason and condemned to military degradation and permanent deportation. The ‘Dreyfus Affair’ divided France, fanned the flames of antisemitism and exposed the exploitable biases of the judicial system.