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Northern Europe to Italy via Gotthard railway
Lugano, Italy, 1898
Artist Unknown
© European Union 2016 / House of European History, Brussels, Belgium

Railways altered European landscapes with the introduction of tunnels, viaducts and bridges over previously impassable obstacles. What was then the longest tunnel in the world opened in 1882 with the completion of the 15-kilometre Gotthard rail tunnel connecting northern and southern Europe. Railways brought mass transit and tourism.