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Rapid fire Maxim machine gun
Hiram Maxim, (Inventor) 1840-1916
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, late 19th century
Royal Armouries of the United Kingdom, Leeds, United Kingdom

New European technology created tools, such as machine guns, that were decisive in advancing colonialism. Even with superior numbers, indigenous resistance was futile against a weapon that could fire 50 times faster than a standard rifle.