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Pistol as used in Sarajevo assassination plot
Belgium, 1910
Heeresgeschichtliches Museum, Vienna, Austria

On 28 June 1914 the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb seeking a Yugoslav state independent from Austria. The event destabilised a fragile power balance and plunged the continent into war.