Belgium, 2nd half of the 19th century
Gustave Vanaise (1854-1902)
Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts / Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten, Brussels, Belgium
Originating from the French language, the word bourgeoisie describes a new social category of people who emerged out of the changes in society brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Economically independent, educated and gaining political rights, they were the driving force behind economic and political changes.